United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission

18 April 1991 to March 2002

April 3rd April 1991 saw the adoption of UNSCR 687 (1991), which set out specific terms for a formal cease-fire between Iraq and Kuwait and its UN-supported Coalition allies and established a demilitarised zone (DMZ) along the border. A later Resolution (689) established UNIKOM - which began deployment on April 18th.

At the outset, in addition to 300 military observers UNIKOM had almost 700 infantry, drawn from UNIFIL (United Nations Interim Force Lebanon) (Nepalese, Fijians and Ghanaians) and UNFICYP (United Nations Force in Cyprus) (Austrians and Danes).

The duties of UNIKOM were to monitor the Khar Abdullah waterway and the DMZ (approximately 200km long and 15km wide); to deter border violations; and to observe any potentially hostile action mounted from the territory of one state to the other.

The mission was carried out by establishing observation posts, conducting patrols and carrying out investigations throughout the DMZ.  On March 17th 2003, prior to the military campaign against Iraq by the US-led coalition, the Secretary General suspended UNIKOM's operations and withdrew all but a small HQ, which remained in Kuwait City.

 

Operation Details
Duration 18 April 1991 to March 2002
Operation type UN led Peacekeeping Operations (Observer)
Commitment 69 cumulative missions 

Visit the Official UNIKOM website

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