UNOGIL - 28 June 1958 – 18 December 1958
The Irish Defence Forces first contribution to UN peacekeeping began with a call from the Secretary General for an Irish contingent to serve with United Nations Observer Group in Lebanon (UNOGIL). Internal divisions between the different cultural groups in Lebanon and pressures from outside powers had led to serious instability and the need for impartial observers.
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UNEF II - 30 October 1973 – 6 September 1974
On October 6th 1973 the Yom Kippur War broke out when Israeli forces were attacked on the Golan Heights by the Syrians and along the Suez Canal by the Egyptians. On 25th of October the UN Security Council adopted a resolution authorising an emergency peacekeeping force - Second United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF II).
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UNDOF - June 1997 – August 1998
UNDOF was established by UNSCR350 in 1974 following the agreed disengagement of Israeli and Syrian forces on the Golan Heights after the ending of the Yom Kippur War.
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UNIT - 24 June 1984 – 31 July 1988
Located in Baghdad and Teheran, these UN led Peacekeeping Operations (Observer) inspection teams were voluntarily staffed from UNTSO . Irish commitment was mainly to UNIT - T based in the Iranian capital. Irish involvement, after 9 cumulative missions, ended in July 1988, shortly after Iran had accepted UNSCR 598 which called for a ceasefire in their war with Iraq.
UNRWA - 1 February 1988 – 30 June 1992
The Relief Works Agency is the largest single employer of personnel in the United Nations. The Agency, established to work with Palestinian refugees, has over 19,000 people throughout the Middle East. The largest concentration of staff is in Jordan, followed by the West Bank. In Lebanon, approximately 3,500 people work with Palestinian refugees. The main functions of UNRWA are education, health, relief and social work. Two Irish officers served on secondment with UNRWA in Beirut.
UNIIMOG - 14 August 1988 – 10 March 1991
A week before the formal ceasefire which ended the almost decade-long Iran-Iraq War, United Nations Iran-Iraq Military Observer Group (UNIIMOG) was activated.
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UNIKOM - 18 April 1991 to March 2002
April 3rd April 1991 saw the adoption of UNSCR 687 (1991), which set out specific terms for a formal cease-fire between Iraq and Kuwait. . A later Resolution (689) established United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission (UNIKOM) - which began deployment on April 18th.
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UNSCOM & UMOVIC - September 21 1996 – March 2003
UN Special Commission (UNSCOM) was first established by UNSCR 687 in 1991 following the first Gulf War. UNSCOM staff was withdrawn from Iraq and in December 1999 the mission was replaced by UN Monitoring Verification and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC).
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