UNFICYP - March 1964 – May 2005
The background to the Cyprus conflict is complicated and centuries old, but in simple terms it stemmed from divisions between the island's Greek and Turkish communities. In 1960 Cyprus gained its independence from Britain. When attempts were made to amend the constitution the two communities began to prepare for conflict. Assistance was requested from the UN and this led to the establishment of United Nations Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP)
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UNPROFOR & UNMLO - January 1992 – January 1996
United Nations Military Liaison Office (UNMLO) in Yugoslavia was created following the ceasefire in the war between Serbia and Croatia when a force of liaison officers (LOs), drawn from UNTSO (United Nations Truce Supervision Organisation) and UNIKOM, was established in the former Yugoslavia to operate at the headquarters of both warring sides along the peace-line. United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) was set up a short time afterwards.
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UNHCR – Y - December 1992 – March 1993
Irish officers served on secondment, for 2 cumulative missions, with United Nations High Commission for Refugees – Yugoslavia (UNHCR (Y)) in the former Yugoslavia, a UN led Peacekeeping Operations (Observer) mission. Their main function was as advisers in convoy movement. Aid convoys organised by UNHCR (Y) were operating in very difficult circumstances and it was felt that they would benefit from adopting military convoy procedures, hence the need for military personnel to advise them.
UNMOP - February 1996 – December 1999
The United Nations Military Observer Mission in Prevlaka (UNMOP) mission was established by UNSCR 1038 to monitor the demilitarisation of the Prevlaka peninsula, a strategic area disputed by Croatia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY).
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UNPREDEP - February 1996 – February 1999
United Nations Preventive Deployment Force (UNPREDEP) was established to take over UNPROFOR's mandate to monitor and report any developments in the border areas between Albania and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM).
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UNTAES - February 1996 – January 1998
The United Nations Transitional Authority in Eastern Slavonia (UNTAES) mission was established by UNSCR 1037 to oversee the peaceful re-integration of Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Sirmium into Croatia after the Balkan wars.
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UNMIK - August 1999 - 21 Oct 2010
UNMIK was established under UNSCR 1244 to lead an interim civilian administration in Kosovo. Although the mission is mainly civilian in nature there was a Military Liaison Component that operated within the Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary General. This was a UN led Peacekeeping Operation (Observer) and our commitment to it was 4 Personnel.
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