Central American Missions
ONUCA - December 1989 – January 1992
In the late 1980s the five governments held meetings aimed at increasing economic co-operation and ending regional disputes in Central America. The foreign ministers of the five countries asked the UN for assistance in verifying aspects of the agreement. This led to the formation of United Nations Observer Group in Central America (ONUCA).
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ONUSAL - January 1992 – May 1994
On the day that United Nations Observer Group in Central America (ONUCA) was terminated, observers from that mission converged on El Salvador to staff the new United Nations Observer Mission in El Salvador (ONUSAL) Mission.
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UNMIH - September 1994 – March 1996
Conflict erupted in Haiti following the overthrow of the Duvalier dynasty which had ruled from 1957 to 1986. Jean-Bertand Aristide was elected in 1990. Haitian Army personnel staged a coup and ousted Aristide. Human rights abuses soared. The mission United Nations Mission in Haiti (UNMIH) was established in 1993 but could not be fully deployed.
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