ONUC - July 1960 – June 1964
July 27th 1960 marked a watershed when the first element of 32 Inf Bn, the first complete unit from the Defence Forces to serve overseas, took off from Dublin bound for the Congo. After gaining independence from Belgium the previous month the Congo descended into something approaching anarchy.
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UNTAG - March 1989 – April 1990
In 1978 the UN Security Council passed Resolution 435, establishing United Nations Transition Assistance Group (UNTAG) for a period of 12 months, to ensure Namibian independence through free elections under the UN's supervision and control.
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UNAVEM II - July 1991 – September 1993
On May 1st 1991 the Angolan Government and UNITA rebels signed the 'Peace Accords for Angola', aimed at ending the lengthy civil war. Resolution 696 was adopted by the UN Security Council at the end of May establishing Second United Nations Angola Verification Mission (UNAVEM II)
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UNOSOM II - August 1993 – January 1995
In January 1992 UNSCR 733 led to the establishment of Second United Nations Operations in Somalia (UNOSOM II). However the strength of the initial force was inadequate. After visits to Somalia by Foreign Minister David Andrews and President Mary Robinson, Ireland agreed to contribute a transport company.
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UNMEE November 2001 to June 2003
In 1998 a border dispute erupted in conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea. An agreement brokered by the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) in 1999 fell apart and fighting resumed in May 2000. Another agreement reached in July 2000 committed both countries to the cessation of hostilities and pledged both to call on the United Nations, in co-operation with the OAU, to establish a peacekeeping operation.
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ARTEMIS - June 2003 – September 2003
When renewed fighting broke out in the Congo in May 2003 following the departure of Ugandan troops from Ituri province, a security vacuum was created that the MONUC mission was unable to fill.
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MINUCI / UNOCI - June 2003 - April 2004
In May 2003 the MINUCI mission to Côte d'Ivoire was set up by United Nations Security Council resolution (UNSCR) 1479 after the UN determined that the situation in the country constituted a threat to international peace and security in the region.
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UNMIL - November 2003 - 31 May 2007
In August, in response to the impending humanitarian crisis in Liberia the UN Security Council passed Resolution 1497, authorising the intervention of a multinational peacekeeping force. The intervention force, called ECOMIL. The following month UNSCR 1509 was passed establishing UNMIL with a mandate to support the implementation of the ceasefire agreement and the peace process
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MINURCAT - 15 March 2009 - 28 December 2010
On 21 February 2008, the Defence Forces troop contribution to the UN mandated, EU-led peacekeeping mission to Chad and the Central African Republic (CAR) commenced. Initially the force was EU led (known as EUFOR Chad/CAR) the force has changed over to UN command on 15 March 2009 and is now known as MINURCAT. The Initial Entry EU Force consisted of Special Forces troops from Austria, Belgium, France, Ireland and Sweden.
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