Stabilisation Force

European Union Force

May 1997 — Dec 2004 (SFOR)

Dec 2004 -

Under UNSCR 1031 NATO was given the mandate to implement the military aspects of the Dayton Peace Agreements following the end of the war in Bosnia Herzegovina in 1995. As a result IFOR (Implementation Force) was deployed and completed its mission by December 1996 and was subsequently replaced by SFOR.

The new force's mandate, authorised by UNSCR 1088, consisted of deterring the resumption of hostilities, promoting a climate conducive to the peace process, and providing support to civilian organisations.  Commencing with 32,000 troops SFOR underwent reorganisation in 1999/2000 and was reduced to 20,000.

Irish contribution began in May 1997 and consisted of a Military Police (MP) Company Headquarters, a Military Police Platoon, and a National Support Element. The contingent was based in SFOR HQ in Sarajevo and policed the 8,000 SFOR troops based in the area. The Irish MP Coy was withdrawn in January 2003.  

The Defence Forces retained 12 positions in SFOR HQ until December 2004 when SFOR was replaced by the EU-led mission, Operation 'Althea', also known as EUFOR, which was authorised by UNSCR 1575.

EUFORs mission is:

  • To provide capacity building and training to the Armed Forces of BiH
  • To support BiH efforts to maintain a safe and secure environment
  • To provide support to the overall EU comprehensive strategy for BiH

EUFOR also provides support to the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) and provides the security environment in which the police can act against organised criminal networks.  Defence Forces contribution to the new mission has increased and we now have 7 personnel serving with EUFOR.

There are 7,000 troops serving with EUFOR, provided by 17 EU member states and 5 non-EU states.

Operation Details
Duration May 1997 — to date
Operation type EU led Crisis Management Operation
Commitment 7

Visit the official SFOR website

Visit the official EUFOR Bosnia website



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